Mainland Portugal is geographically located in Europe’s West Coast, on the Iberian Peninsula. It is bordered by Spain to the North and East and by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and South, therefore being in a geo strategic location between Europe, America and Africa.
In addition to the mainland, Portugal’s territory also includes the Autonomous Regions of the Azores and Madeira, two archipelagos located in the Atlantic Ocean.
Portuguese borders have remained unchanged since the XIII Century, making Portugal one of the oldest countries in the world, with nearly 900 years of history that clearly demonstrates its strong identity and internal cohesion.
Population and language
Portugal’s population is estimated at 10.3 million, of which 50% are economically active. The demographic concentration is higher near the coastal areas, with Lisbon (the capital city) and Porto showing the highest population density.
The Portuguese language is spoken by more than 200 million people spread over all continents: Europe, Africa, America and Asia. This diversity greatly contributes to the strong historical and cultural ties that Portugal has with the world.