Road Infrastructures: Portugal has a developed road network, comprised of motorways (AE), main roads (IP), secondary roads (IC), national roads (EN) and municipal routes. The mainland road network reached 14 310 km, of which 2 988 km was motorway, more than 1/5 of the total road network.
Rail Network: The rail network comprises 2 544 km providing North-South connection down the coastline and East-West across the country. Railway network density tends to be more significant in regions with a higher population concentration.
Airports: There are 15 airports. On the mainland the three major international airports are located in the coastal cities of Lisbon, Porto and Faro. Due to the isolation of the Autonomous Regions there are a larger number of airports. The Azores have nine and Madeira has two. The airports managed by ANA - Aeroportos de Portugal serve about 60 regular airlines, connecting the Portuguese regions with nearly 150 destinations around the world (the traffic of passengers reached 39 million in 2015). Portugal ranks #28 (among 138 countries) in “Quality of air transport infrastructure”, according to the GCR 2016-2017/WEF.
Maritime Routes: Mainland Portugal has nine major ports: Viana do Castelo and Leixões, in the North; Aveiro and Figueira da Foz, in the Centre; Lisbon and Setúbal in the Lisbon region; Sines in the Alentejo; Faro and Portimão in the Algarve. The Autonomous Region of the Azores has five ports and the Autonomous Region of Madeira has three. Only Lisbon and Leixões on the mainland offer passenger services. The port infrastructure is thus primarily geared to handling goods. This is particularly so at Sines (50% of total in 2015), Leixões (21%) and Lisbon (13%).